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504-33-6,MFCD00007536
Catalog No.:AA0000UR
504-33-6 | Dl-homocysteic acid
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  • Technical Information
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Technical Information
Catalog Number:
AA0000UR
Chemical Name:
Dl-homocysteic acid
CAS Number:
504-33-6
Molecular Formula:
C4H9NO5S
Molecular Weight:
183.1830
MDL Number:
MFCD00007536
IUPAC Name:
2-amino-4-sulfobutanoic acid
InChI:
InChI=1S/C4H9NO5S/c5-3(4(6)7)1-2-11(8,9)10/h3H,1-2,5H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9,10)
InChI Key:
VBOQYPQEPHKASR-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES:
OC(=O)C(CCS(=O)(=O)O)N
EC Number:
207-991-0
Properties
Computed Properties
 
Complexity:
227  
Compound Is Canonicalized:
Yes
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:
1  
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:
0
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:
0
Exact Mass:
183.02g/mol
Formal Charge:
0
Heavy Atom Count:
11  
Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count:
6  
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count:
3  
Isotope Atom Count:
0
Molecular Weight:
183.178g/mol
Monoisotopic Mass:
183.02g/mol
Rotatable Bond Count:
4  
Topological Polar Surface Area:
126A^2
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:
1  
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:
0
XLogP3:
-3.6  

Synonyms
 
(DL)-homocysteic acid 
2-amino-4-sulfobutanoic acid 
homocysteic acid, sodium salt, (+-)-isomer 
DL-Homocysteic acid 
2-amino-4-sulfobutanoic acid 
504-33-6 
Homocysteic acid 
2-Amino-4-sulfobutyric acid 
1001-13-4 
Butanoic acid, 2-amino-4-sulfo- 
EINECS 207-991-0 
MFCD00007536 
DL-homocysteate 
H-2700 
DL-HOMOCYSTEICACID 
C4H9NO5S 
d,l-homocysteic acid 
PubChem12443 
AC1L3NG7 
AC1Q6X7G 
ACMC-1AP11 
DL-Homocysteic acid, 97% 
SCHEMBL157694 
DL-homocysteic acid 
2-amino-4-sulfo-butanoic acid 
AC1Q50C3 
CHEMBL191727 
CHEBI:90324 
CTK0G9064 
DL-2-Amino-4-sulfobutyric acid 
VBOQYPQEPHKASR-UHFFFAOYSA- 
Butyric acid, 2-amino-4-sulfo- 
VBOQYPQEPHKASR-UHFFFAOYSA-N 
DL -2-Amino-4-sulfobutyric acid 
homocysteic acid 
6636AH 
ACM504336 
ANW-30998 
BDBM50164447 
PDSP1_001270 
PDSP2_001254 
AKOS015854609 
API0002445 
FCH1115200 
TRA0024111 
homocysteic acid, (D)-isomer 
KS-0000152R 
AK129042 
LS-46100 
AX8126520 
DB-051775 
TR-018021 
FT-0625469 
ST24039932 
A-7649 
504H336 
homocysteic acid, (DL)-isomer 
C-31088 
InChI=1/C4H9NO5S/c5-3(4(6)7)1-2-11(8,9)10/h3H,1-2,5H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9,10) 
DL-homocysteate 
(DL)-homocysteic acid 
UNII-HYA2G5T79L 
HYA2G5T79L 
homocysteic acid, (D)-isomer 
homocysteic acid, (L)-isomer 
homocysteic acid, (DL)-isomer 
D-2-Amino-4-sulfobutyric acid 
homocysteic acid, (L)-isomer 
homocysteic acid, monosodium salt 
C4-H9-N-O5-S 
CID92117 
AR-1D8396 
ACN-038458 
H0158 
homocysteic acid, sodium salt, (+-)-isomer 
homocysteic acid, monosodium salt, (+-)-isomer 
C007956 
150956-58-4 
homocysteic acid, monosodium salt 
56892-03-6 
homocysteic acid, monosodium salt, (+-)-isomer 
Literature

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Title: The cystine/glutamate antiporter regulates the functional expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase in human dendritic cells.

Journal: Scandinavian journal of immunology 20121001

Title: [Skin lesions induced by malnutrition in an infant with methylmalonic aciduria and homocysteic acidemia].

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Title: Sympathetic premotor neurones project to and are influenced by neurones in the contralateral rostral ventrolateral medulla of the rat in vivo.

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Title: Brain superoxide anion formation in immature rats during seizures: protection by selected compounds.

Journal: Experimental neurology 20120101

Title: Urinary homocysteic acid levels correlate with mini-mental state examination scores in Alzheimer's disease patients.

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD 20120101

Title: Amino acids that centrally influence blood pressure and regional blood flow in conscious rats.

Journal: Journal of amino acids 20120101

Title: Persistent cognitive deficits, induced by intrathecal methotrexate, are associated with elevated CSF concentrations of excitotoxic glutamate analogs and can be reversed by an NMDA antagonist.

Journal: Behavioural brain research 20111201

Title: Cannabinoid and GABA modulation of sympathetic nerve activity and blood pressure in the dorsal periaqueductal gray of the rat.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 20111201

Title: Rat lymphocytes express NMDA receptors that take part in regulation of cytokine production.

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Title: Midbrain and medullary control of postinspiratory activity of the crural and costal diaphragm in vivo.

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Title: Coactivation of renal sympathetic neurons and somatic motor neurons by chemical stimulation of the midbrain ventral tegmental area.

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Title: [Selective stimulations and lesions of the rat brain nuclei as the models for research of the human sleep pathology mechanisms].

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Title: Activation of N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has no influence on rheological properties of erythrocytes.

Journal: Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation 20110101

Title: Dorsal raphe nucleus regulation of a panic-like defensive behavior evoked by chemical stimulation of the rat dorsal periaqueductal gray matter.

Journal: Behavioural brain research 20101201

Title: Nucleus raphe pallidus participates in midbrain-medullary cardiovascular sympathoinhibition during electroacupuncture.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 20101101

Title: Topographical specificity of regulation of respiratory and renal sympathetic activity by the midbrain dorsolateral periaqueductal gray.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 20100901

Title: Rational design and simple chemistry yield a superior, neuroprotective HDAC6 inhibitor, tubastatin A.

Journal: Journal of the American Chemical Society 20100811

Title: Functional NMDA receptors in rat erythrocytes.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Cell physiology 20100601

Title: Serotonergic projection from nucleus raphe pallidus to rostral ventrolateral medulla modulates cardiovascular reflex responses during acupuncture.

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Title: Brainstem vocalization area in guinea pigs.

Journal: Neuroscience research 20100401

Title: Role of homocysteic acid in the guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) anterior cingulate cortex in tonic immobility and the influence of NMDA receptors on the dorsal PAG.

Journal: Behavioural brain research 20100317

Title: Selective enhancement of main olfactory input to the medial amygdala by GnRH.

Journal: Brain research 20100304

Title: Conversion of methionine into homocysteic acid in heavily oxidized proteomics samples.

Journal: Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM 20100301

Title: Sustained deficiency of mitochondrial complex I activity during long periods of survival after seizures induced in immature rats by homocysteic acid.

Journal: Neurochemistry international 20100201

Title: Clinically relevant infusion rates of mu-opioid agonist remifentanil cause bradypnea in decerebrate dogs but not via direct effects in the pre-Bötzinger complex region.

Journal: Journal of neurophysiology 20100101

Title: Treatment of Alzheimer's disease with anti-homocysteic acid antibody in 3xTg-AD male mice.

Journal: PloS one 20100101

Title: Early history of glycine receptor biology in Mammalian spinal cord circuits.

Journal: Frontiers in molecular neuroscience 20100101

Title: Influence of dorsal periaqueductal gray activation on respiratory occlusion reflexes in rats.

Journal: Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical 20091005

Title: Low-frequency vibrational modes of DL-homocysteic acid and related compounds.

Journal: Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy 20090901

Title: Posttreatment with group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist 2R,4R-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate is only weakly effective on seizures in immature rats.

Journal: Brain research 20090601

Title: Molecular mechanisms of homocysteine toxicity.

Journal: Biochemistry. Biokhimiia 20090601

Title: Cardiac sympatho-excitatory action of PVN-spinal oxytocin neurones.

Journal: Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical 20090511

Title: Method for the construction and use of carbon fiber multibarrel electrodes for deep brain recordings in the alert animal.

Journal: Journal of neuroscience methods 20090415

Title: The nucleus retroambiguus control of respiration.

Journal: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20090325

Title: Long-loop pathways in cardiovascular electroacupuncture responses.

Journal: Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) 20090201

Title: Control of cardiac rate, contractility, and atrioventricular conduction by medullary raphe neurons in anesthetized rats.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology 20090201

Title: Influence of microinjections of D,L-homocysteic acid into the Botzinger complex area on the cough reflex in the cat.

Journal: Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society 20081201

Title: The midbrain periaqueductal gray control of respiration.

Journal: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20081119

Title: Modulation of tonic immobility in guinea pig PAG by homocysteic acid, a glutamate agonist.

Journal: Physiology & behavior 20080609

Title: Selective inhibition from the anterior hypothalamus of C- versus A-fibre mediated spinal nociception.

Journal: Pain 20080601

Title: Anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effect of (S)-3,4-dicarboxyphenylglycine against seizures induced in immature rats by homocysteic acid.

Journal: Neuropharmacology 20080301

Title: Functional topography of the dorsomedial hypothalamus.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 20080201

Title: Critical role of B3 serotonergic cells in baroreflex inhibition during the defense reaction triggered by dorsal periaqueductal gray stimulation.

Journal: The Journal of comparative neurology 20080101

Title: Carnosine protects erythrocytes from the oxidative stress caused by homocysteic acid.

Journal: Doklady. Biochemistry and biophysics 20080101

Title: Inactivation of the periaqueductal gray attenuates antinociception elicited by stimulation of the rat medial preoptic area.

Journal: Neuroscience letters 20071218

Title: Cardiac vagal preganglionic neurones in the intermediate zone of the brainstem in anaesthetized cats.

Journal: Experimental physiology 20071101

Title: [Reducing plasma homocysteic acid lowers serum C-reactive protein level in children with Kawasaki disease].

Journal: Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 20071101

Title: Synthesis, molecular modeling studies, and preliminary pharmacological characterization of all possible 2-(2'-sulfonocyclopropyl)glycine stereoisomers as conformationally constrained L-homocysteic acid analogs.

Journal: Journal of medicinal chemistry 20070920

Title: Laminar organization of spinal dorsal horn neurones activated by C- vs. A-heat nociceptors and their descending control from the periaqueductal grey in the rat.

Journal: The European journal of neuroscience 20070801

Title: Respiratory responses elicited by rostral versus caudal dorsal periaqueductal gray stimulation in rats.

Journal: Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical 20070731

Title: [Study on the DL-homocysteic acid interacting with metal ions].

Journal: Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu 20070701

Title: Homocysteine and its derivatives as possible modulators of neuronal and non-neuronal cell glutamate receptors in Alzheimer's disease.

Journal: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD 20070501

Title: Glutathione depletion in hippocampal cells increases levels of H and L ferritin and glutathione S-transferase mRNAs.

Journal: Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms 20070501

Title: Mitochondrial complex I inhibition in cerebral cortex of immature rats following homocysteic acid-induced seizures.

Journal: Experimental neurology 20070401

Title: Microinjection of DLH into the region of the caudal ventral respiratory column in the cat: evidence for an endogenous cough-suppressant mechanism.

Journal: Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) 20070301

Title: The lathyrus toxin, beta-N-oxalyl-L-alpha,beta-diaminopropionic acid (ODAP), and homocysteic acid sensitize CA1 pyramidal neurons to cystine and L-2-amino-6-phosphonohexanoic acid.

Journal: Toxicology and applied pharmacology 20070215

Title: Paraventricular nucleus influence on renal sympathetic activity in vasopressin gene-deleted rats.

Journal: Experimental physiology 20070101

Title: Prolonged stress will induce Alzheimer's disease in elderly people by increased release of homocysteic acid.

Journal: Medical hypotheses 20070101

Title: Midbrain control of spinal nociception discriminates between responses evoked by myelinated and unmyelinated heat nociceptors in the rat.

Journal: Pain 20060901

Title: Effect of free radical spin trap N-tert-butyl-alpha-phenylnitrone (PBN) on seizures induced in immature rats by homocysteic acid.

Journal: Experimental neurology 20060901

Title: Characterization of the potent neuroprotective properties of the natural vitamin E alpha-tocotrienol.

Journal: Journal of neurochemistry 20060901

Title: Corticofugal output from the primary somatosensory cortex selectively modulates innocuous and noxious inputs in the rat spinothalamic system.

Journal: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20060816

Title: Effect of homocysteine and homocysteic acid on glutamate receptors on rat lymphocytes.

Journal: Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine 20060701

Title: Excitatory projections from arcuate nucleus to ventrolateral periaqueductal gray in electroacupuncture inhibition of cardiovascular reflexes.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology 20060601

Title: Midbrain vlPAG inhibits rVLM cardiovascular sympathoexcitatory responses during electroacupuncture.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology 20060601

Title: Neuroprotective effect of (R, S)-4-phosphonophenylglycine against neuronal damage associated with homocysteic acid-induced seizures in immature rats.

Journal: Prague medical report 20060101

Title: Anterior cingulate cortex contributes to the descending facilitatory modulation of pain via dorsal reticular nucleus.

Journal: The European journal of neuroscience 20050901

Title: [Infrared and raman spectra studies of DL-homocysteic acid (DLH) and its lanthanum complex at high external pressure].

Journal: Guang pu xue yu guang pu fen xi = Guang pu 20050901

Title: Homocysteinic acid causes oxidative stress in lymphocytes by potentiating toxic effect of NMDA.

Journal: Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine 20050701

Title: Homocysteic acid induces intraneuronal accumulation of neurotoxic Abeta42: implications for the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease.

Journal: Journal of neuroscience research 20050615

Title: Transport of L-[14C]cystine and L-[14C]cysteine by subtypes of high affinity glutamate transporters over-expressed in HEK cells.

Journal: Neurochemistry international 20050601

Title: Subtype composition and responses of respiratory neurons in the pre-botzinger region to pulmonary afferent inputs in dogs.

Journal: Journal of neurophysiology 20050501

Title: Chemical activation of pre-Bötzinger complex in vivo reduces respiratory network complexity.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 20050501

Title: Seizures induced in immature rats by homocysteic acid and the associated brain damage are prevented by group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist (2R,4R)-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate.

Journal: Experimental neurology 20050401

Title: Modulation of parabrachial taste neurons by electrical and chemical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus and amygdala.

Journal: Journal of neurophysiology 20050301

Title: Glutamate neurotransmission is not required for, but may modulate, hypoxic sensitivity of pre-Bötzinger complex in vivo.

Journal: Journal of neurophysiology 20050301

Title: Effect of dl-homocysteic acid on W/O microemulsions of potassium naphthenate/1-octanol-n-heptane.

Journal: Journal of colloid and interface science 20050301

Title: Characterization of monoclonal antibody to L-homocysteic acid and its immunohistochemistry in rat hippocampus.

Journal: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban 20050101

Title: Muscimol injection into the lateral hypothalamus inhibits the hypotension and bradycardia caused by somato-visceral nociception.

Journal: Brain research 20041210

Title: A mapping study of cardiorespiratory responses to chemical stimulation of the midline medulla oblongata in ventilated and freely breathing rats.

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Title: Implications for hyperhomocysteinemia: not homocysteine but its oxidized forms strongly inhibit neuronal network activity.

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Title: Ionotropic NMDA receptor evokes an excitatory response in superior salivatory nucleus neurons in anaesthetized rats.

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Title: Passive smoke effects on cough and airways in young guinea pigs: role of brainstem substance P.

Journal: American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine 20040215

Title: The interaction between amino acids and metal ions (I). The FT-IR spectroscopic study of the binding between D,L-homocysteic acid and alkali metal ions.

Journal: Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy 20040101

Title: Glutamate-induced homocysteic acid release from astrocytes: possible implication in glia-neuron signaling.

Journal: Neuroscience 20040101

Title: Release of homocysteic acid from rat thalamus following stimulation of somatosensory afferents in vivo: feasibility of glial participation in synaptic transmission.

Journal: Neuroscience 20040101

Title: Paraventricular nucleus activation of renal sympathetic neurones is synaptically depressed by nitric oxide and glycine acting at a spinal level.

Journal: Neuroscience 20040101

Title: Molecular analysis of homocysteic acid-induced neuronal stress.

Journal: Journal of proteome research 20040101

Title: Neurokinin-1 receptor-expressing cells regulate depressor region of rat ventrolateral medulla.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology 20031201

Title: L-homocysteine sulfinic acid and L-homocysteic acid stimulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis in rat cortical neurons.

Journal: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 20031101

Title: Effects of direct periaqueductal grey administration of a cannabinoid receptor agonist on nociceptive and aversive responses in rats.

Journal: Neuropharmacology 20031001

Title: Sacral dorsal horn neurone activity during micturition in the cat.

Journal: The Journal of physiology 20030815

Title: Focal CO2/H+ alters phrenic motor output response to chemical stimulation of cat pre-Botzinger complex in vivo.

Journal: Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) 20030601

Title: Defining ventral medullary respiratory compartments with a glutamate receptor agonist in the rat.

Journal: The Journal of physiology 20030501

Title: Role of GABA and NO in the paraventricular nucleus-mediated reflex inhibition of renal sympathetic nerve activity following stimulation of right atrial receptors in the rat.

Journal: Experimental physiology 20030501

Title: Sp1 and Sp3 are oxidative stress-inducible, antideath transcription factors in cortical neurons.

Journal: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20030501

Title: Neuronal cell death in hippocampus induced by homocysteic acid in immature rats.

Journal: Epilepsia 20030301

Title: Seizures induced by homocysteic acid in immature rats are prevented by group III metabotropic glutamate receptoragonist (R,S)-4-phosphonophenylglycine.

Journal: Experimental neurology 20030301

Title: Influence of respiratory network drive on phrenic motor output evoked by activation of cat pre-Botzinger complex.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 20030201

Title: Descending influences from the lateral hypothalamus and amygdala converge onto medullary taste neurons.

Journal: Chemical senses 20030201

Title: Taste responses of neurons in the hamster solitary nucleus are modulated by the central nucleus of the amygdala.

Journal: Journal of neurophysiology 20021201

Title: The caudal periaqueductal gray participates in the activation of brown adipose tissue in rats.

Journal: Neuroscience letters 20021004

Title: Cerebellar stimulation modulates the intensity of a visceral nociceptive reflex in the rat.

Journal: Experimental brain research 20020901

Title: Sympathoexcitation to intravenous interleukin-1beta is dependent on forebrain neural circuits.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology 20020801

Title: Stimulation in the rat fastigial nucleus enhances the responses of neurons in the dorsal column nuclei to innocuous stimuli.

Journal: Neuroscience letters 20020712

Title: alpha(2)-Adrenergic receptors in NTS facilitate baroreflex function in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology 20020601

Title: Modulation of expiratory motor output evoked by chemical activation of pre-Bötzinger complex in vivo.

Journal: Respiratory physiology & neurobiology 20020601

Title: DL-Homocysteic acid application disrupts calcium homeostasis and induces degeneration of spinal motor neurons in vivo.

Journal: Acta neuropathologica 20020501

Title: Depressor and tachypneic responses to chemical stimulation of the ventral respiratory group are reduced by ablation of neurokinin-1 receptor-expressing neurons.

Journal: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20020501

Title: Role of the medullary raphé in thermoregulatory vasomotor control in rats.

Journal: The Journal of physiology 20020415

Title: Taste responses of neurons of the hamster solitary nucleus are enhanced by lateral hypothalamic stimulation.

Journal: Journal of neurophysiology 20020401

Title: Modulation of gasp frequency by activation of pre-Bötzinger complex in vivo.

Journal: Journal of neurophysiology 20020301

Title: Evidence for postjunctional serotonin (5-HT1) receptors in the trigeminocervical complex.

Journal: Annals of neurology 20011201

Title: Attenuation of seizures induced by homocysteic acid in immature rats by metabotropic glutamate group II and group III receptor agonists.

Journal: Brain research 20010727

Title: The role of glutamate and vasopressin in the excitation of RVL neurones by paraventricular neurones.

Journal: Brain research 20010720

Title: Is the tricuspid position suitable for testing replacement bioprosthetic valves in the sheep model?

Journal: The Journal of heart valve disease 20010701

Title: Sympathetic nerve and cardiovascular responses to chemical activation of the midbrain defense region.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 20010601

Title: Influence of metabolic control on growth in homocystinuria due to cystathionine B-synthase deficiency.

Journal: Pediatric research 20010601

Title: Blockade of delta opioid receptors in the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray region inhibits the fall in arterial pressure evoked by hemorrhage.

Journal: The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics 20010501

Title: How protein kinase C activation protects nerve cells from oxidative stress-induced cell death.

Journal: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience 20010501

Title: The behavioural importance of dynamically activated descending inhibition from the nucleus reticularis gigantocellularis pars alpha.

Journal: Pain 20010501

Title: Sympathoinhibition from ventrolateral periaqueductal gray mediated by 5-HT(1A) receptors in the RVLM.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology 20010401

Title: Sequence-selective DNA binding drugs mithramycin A and chromomycin A3 are potent inhibitors of neuronal apoptosis induced by oxidative stress and DNA damage in cortical neurons.

Journal: Annals of neurology 20010301

Title: Involvement of GABA in medullary raphe-evoked modulation of neuronal activity in the periaqueductal grey matter in the rat.

Journal: Experimental brain research 20010301

Title: Periaqueductal grey mediated inhibition of responses to noxious stimulation is dynamically activated in a rat model of neuropathic pain.

Journal: Neuroscience letters 20010126

Title: Activation of the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray reduces locomotion but not mean arterial pressure in awake, freely moving rats.

Journal: Neuroscience 20010101

Title: [Adaptation of synaptic transmission to high concentrations of homocysteinic acid].

Journal: Ukrains'kyi biokhimichnyi zhurnal (1999 ) 20010101

Title: Measurement of excitatory sulfur amino acids, cysteine sulfinic acid, cysteic acid, homocysteine sulfinic acid, and homocysteic acid in serum by stable isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and selected ion monitoring.

Journal: Analytical biochemistry 19940801

Title: Glycine antagonism by RU 5135.

Journal: European journal of pharmacology 19850416

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