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600-18-0 | 2-Oxobutanoic acid
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Technical Information
Catalog Number:
Chemical Name:
2-Oxobutanoic acid
CAS Number:
Molecular Formula:
Molecular Weight:
MDL Number:
2-oxobutanoic acid
InChI Key:
EC Number:
NSC Number:
FEMA Number:
Computed Properties
Compound Is Canonicalized:
Covalently-Bonded Unit Count:
Defined Atom Stereocenter Count:
Defined Bond Stereocenter Count:
Exact Mass:
Formal Charge:
Heavy Atom Count:
Hydrogen Bond Acceptor Count:
Hydrogen Bond Donor Count:
Isotope Atom Count:
Molecular Weight:
Monoisotopic Mass:
Rotatable Bond Count:
Topological Polar Surface Area:
Undefined Atom Stereocenter Count:
Undefined Bond Stereocenter Count:

2-ketobutyric acid 
alpha-ketobutyric acid 
2-Oxobutyric acid, purum, >=97.0% (T) 
alpha-ketobutyric acid, sodium salt 
|A-Ketobutyric acid; Propionylformic acid 
3-Methylpyruvic acid 
Pyruvic acid, methyl- 
Butyric acid, 2-oxo- 
Formic acid, propionyl- 
2-Ketobutanoic acid 
alpha-Oxo-n-butyric acid 
alpha-oxobutyric acid 
3-methyl pyruvic acid 
2-Oxo-n-butyric acid 
Propionylformic acid 
2-oxo-Butyric acid 
2-oxo-butanoic acid 
alpha-Ketobutric acid 
alpha-Keto-n-butyric acid 
FEMA No. 3723 
.alpha.-Ketobutric acid 
.alpha.-Oxobutyric acid 
.alpha.-Ketobutyric acid 
NSC 60533 
.alpha.-Oxo-n-butyric acid 
alpha-ketobutyric acid 
Butyric acid, 2-oxo- (8CI) 
Butanoic acid, 2-oxo- (9CI) 
a-Ketobutyric acid 
oxobutyric acid 
alpha-ketobutyric acid, sodium salt 
a-Oxobutyric acid 
methyl pyruvic acid 
alpha-oxobutyric acid 
methyl-Pyruvic acid 
EINECS 209-986-9 
2-keto-butyric acid 
propionyl-formic acid 
a-Oxo-n-butyric acid 
alpha-Oxobutanoic acid 
a-keto-n-Butyric acid 
2-oxobutanoic acid 
2-Oxobutanoic acid # 
2-Ketobutyric acid, 97% 
.alpha.-Keto-n-butyric acid 
2-ketobutyric acid 
2-Oxobutyric acid, >=95%, FG 
2-oxobutyric acid 
2-Oxobutyric acid, analytical standard 

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Title: Significant catalytic roles for Glu47 and Gln 110 in all four of the C-C bond-making and -breaking steps of the reactions of acetohydroxyacid synthase II.

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Title: ACC deaminase activity in avirulent Agrobacterium tumefaciens D3.

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Title: Mechanistic studies of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase: characterization of an unusual pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent reaction.

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Title: Cloning and characterisation of a cystathionine β/γ-lyase from two Oenococcus oeni oenological strains.

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Title: Product-assisted catalysis as the basis of the reaction specificity of threonine synthase.

Journal: The Journal of biological chemistry 20110128

Title: From amino acid to glucosinolate biosynthesis: protein sequence changes in the evolution of methylthioalkylmalate synthase in Arabidopsis.

Journal: The Plant cell 20110101

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Title: Assay of the multiple energy-producing pathways of mammalian cells.

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Title: Glycated albumin suppresses glucose-induced insulin secretion by impairing glucose metabolism in rat pancreatic β-cells.

Journal: Nutrition & metabolism 20110101

Title: Deep sequencing reveals the complex and coordinated transcriptional regulation of genes related to grain quality in rice cultivars.

Journal: BMC genomics 20110101

Title: The existence of an insulin-stimulated glucose and non-essential but not essential amino acid substrate interaction in diabetic pigs.

Journal: BMC biochemistry 20110101

Title: Carbon metabolic pathways in phototrophic bacteria and their broader evolutionary implications.

Journal: Frontiers in microbiology 20110101

Title: Postprandial differences in the plasma metabolome of healthy Finnish subjects after intake of a sourdough fermented endosperm rye bread versus white wheat bread.

Journal: Nutrition journal 20110101

Title: Genetic interactions between MTHFR (C677T), methionine synthase (A2756G, C2758G) variants with vitamin B12 and folic acid determine susceptibility to premature coronary artery disease in Indian population.

Journal: Journal of cardiovascular disease research 20110101

Title: Mitochondrial NAD+-dependent malic enzyme from Anopheles stephensi: a possible novel target for malaria mosquito control.

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Title: The evolution of metabolic networks of E. coli.

Journal: BMC systems biology 20110101

Title: Dehydratase mediated 1-propanol production in metabolically engineered Escherichia coli.

Journal: Microbial cell factories 20110101

Title: Dietary deficiency of essential amino acids rapidly induces cessation of the rat estrous cycle.

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Title: When Cells Suffocate: Autophagy in Cancer and Immune Cells under Low Oxygen.

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Title: Three-component assembly and divergent ring-expansion cascades of functionalized 2-iminooxetanes.

Journal: Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) 20101122

Title: Cystathionine beta-synthase null homocystinuric mice fail to exhibit altered hemostasis or lowering of plasma homocysteine in response to betaine treatment.

Journal: Molecular genetics and metabolism 20101001

Title: Characterization of a dual specificity aryl acid adenylation enzyme with dual function in nikkomycin biosynthesis.

Journal: Biopolymers 20100901

Title: Cloning and characterization of a plasmid encoded ACC deaminase from an indigenous Pseudomonas fluorescens FY32.

Journal: Current microbiology 20100701

Title: Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum for isobutanol production.

Journal: Applied microbiology and biotechnology 20100701

Title: Valine 375 and phenylalanine 109 confer affinity and specificity for pyruvate as donor substrate in acetohydroxy acid synthase isozyme II from Escherichia coli.

Journal: Biochemistry 20100629

Title: Identification of a sotolon pathway in dry white wines.

Journal: Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 20100623

Title: Comparison of two metal-dependent pyruvate aldolases related by convergent evolution: substrate specificity, kinetic mechanism, and substrate channeling.

Journal: Biochemistry 20100504

Title: Characterization of two isotypes of l-threonine dehydratase from Entamoeba histolytica.

Journal: Molecular and biochemical parasitology 20100401

Title: Characterization of ACC deaminase gene in Pseudomonas entomophila strain PS-PJH isolated from the rhizosphere soil.

Journal: Journal of basic microbiology 20100401

Title: Cytocidal amino acid starvation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans acetolactate synthase (ilv2{Delta}) mutants is influenced by the carbon source and rapamycin.

Journal: Microbiology (Reading, England) 20100301

Title: Microbial L-methioninase: production, molecular characterization, and therapeutic applications.

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Title: Site-directed mutagenesis on human cystathionine-gamma-lyase reveals insights into the modulation of H2S production.

Journal: Journal of molecular biology 20100226

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Title: Genome sequence of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum.

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Title: Predicting the pathway involved in post-translational modification of elongation factor P in a subset of bacterial species.

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Title: The path to next generation biofuels: successes and challenges in the era of synthetic biology.

Journal: Microbial cell factories 20100101

Title: The complete multipartite genome sequence of Cupriavidus necator JMP134, a versatile pollutant degrader.

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Title: Prediction of novel synthetic pathways for the production of desired chemicals.

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Title: alpha-hydroxybutyrate is an early biomarker of insulin resistance and glucose intolerance in a nondiabetic population.

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Title: Microbial electrosynthesis: feeding microbes electricity to convert carbon dioxide and water to multicarbon extracellular organic compounds.

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Title: Synthetic biology guides biofuel production.

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Title: Crystal structure of the Formin mDia1 in autoinhibited conformation.

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Title: Clostridium sticklandii, a specialist in amino acid degradation:revisiting its metabolism through its genome sequence.

Journal: BMC genomics 20100101

Title: Characterization of acetohydroxyacid synthase I from Escherichia coli K-12 and identification of its inhibitors.

Journal: Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 20100101

Title: Metabolic response of Geobacter sulfurreducens towards electron donor/acceptor variation.

Journal: Microbial cell factories 20100101

Title: Biosynthesis of chiral 3-hydroxyvalerate from single propionate-unrelated carbon sources in metabolically engineered E. coli.

Journal: Microbial cell factories 20100101

Title: Plasma metabolomic profiles reflective of glucose homeostasis in non-diabetic and type 2 diabetic obese African-American women.

Journal: PloS one 20100101

Title: Experimental study of photooxidation products of ethylbenzene.

Journal: Journal of environmental sciences (China) 20100101

Title: Branched-Chain Amino Acid Metabolism in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Journal: The arabidopsis book 20100101

Title: The Vibrio cholerae quorum-sensing autoinducer CAI-1: analysis of the biosynthetic enzyme CqsA.

Journal: Nature chemical biology 20091201

Title: The role of autophagy in tumour development and cancer therapy.

Journal: Expert reviews in molecular medicine 20091201

Title: Transaminase-catalyzed asymmetric synthesis of L-2-aminobutyric acid from achiral reactants.

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Title: Dual effects of aliphatic carboxylic acids on cresolase and catecholase reactions of mushroom tyrosinase.

Journal: Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry 20091001

Title: Arabidopsis thaliana encodes a bacterial-type heterodimeric isopropylmalate isomerase involved in both Leu biosynthesis and the Met chain elongation pathway of glucosinolate formation.

Journal: Plant molecular biology 20091001

Title: Engineering the substrate binding site of benzoylformate decarboxylase.

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Title: Arabidopsis methionine gamma-lyase is regulated according to isoleucine biosynthesis needs but plays a subordinate role to threonine deaminase.

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Title: Catalytic asymmetric synthesis of beta-sultams as precursors for taurine derivatives.

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Title: A high affinity pyruvate decarboxylase is present in cottonwood leaf veins and petioles: a second source of leaf acetaldehyde emission?

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Journal: Journal of basic microbiology 20081201

Title: The interconversion of ACC deaminase and D-cysteine desulfhydrase by directed mutagenesis.

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Title: Irreversible inhibition of dihydrodipicolinate synthase by 4-oxo-heptenedioic acid analogues.

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Title: Isothermal titration microcalorimetry reveals the cooperative and noncompetitive nature of inhibition of Sinorhizobium meliloti L5-30 dihydrodipicolinate synthase by (S)-lysine.

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Journal: Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology 20080702

Title: Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase overexpression in pancreatic beta-cells results in reduced insulin secretion: a new mechanism for fat-induced impairment of beta-cell function.

Journal: Diabetes 20080701

Title: Structural insight into substrate binding and catalysis of a novel 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-arabinonate dehydratase illustrates common mechanistic features of the FAH superfamily.

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Journal: Genome biology 20080101

Title: The hidden universal distribution of amino acid biosynthetic networks: a genomic perspective on their origins and evolution.

Journal: Genome biology 20080101

Title: Native bacterial endophytes promote host growth in a species-specific manner; phytohormone manipulations do not result in common growth responses.

Journal: PloS one 20080101

Title: Iterative reconstruction of a global metabolic model of Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1 using high-throughput growth phenotype and gene essentiality data.

Journal: BMC systems biology 20080101

Title: Norvaline is accumulated after a down-shift of oxygen in Escherichia coli W3110.

Journal: Microbial cell factories 20080101

Title: Deregulation of acetohydroxy-acid synthase: Loss of allosteric inhibition conferred by mutations in the catalytic subunit.

Journal: Folia microbiologica 20080101

Title: ACC deaminase from plant growth-promoting bacteria affects crown gall development.

Journal: Canadian journal of microbiology 20071201

Title: Perspective of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) containing ACC deaminase in stress agriculture.

Journal: Journal of industrial microbiology & biotechnology 20071001

Title: SanM catalyzes the formation of 4-pyridyl-2-oxo-4-hydroxyisovalerate in nikkomycin biosynthesis by interacting with SanN.

Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications 20070914

Title: Selection and properties of alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase-deficient spontaneous mutants of Streptococcus thermophilus.

Journal: Food microbiology 20070901

Title: Structure and function of enzymes involved in the anaerobic degradation of L-threonine to propionate.

Journal: Journal of biosciences 20070901

Title: A novel strategy for enzymatic synthesis of 4-hydroxyisoleucine: identification of an enzyme possessing HMKP (4-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-keto-pentanoate) aldolase activity.

Journal: FEMS microbiology letters 20070801

Title: Perspectives of bacterial ACC deaminase in phytoremediation.

Journal: Trends in biotechnology 20070801

Title: Synthesis of 4-hydroxyisoleucine by the aldolase-transaminase coupling reaction and basic characterization of the aldolase from Arthrobacter simplex AKU 626.

Journal: Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry 20070701

Title: Determinants of substrate specificity for saccharopine dehydrogenase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Journal: Biochemistry 20070626

Title: Biomass in the manufacture of industrial products--the use of proteins and amino acids.

Journal: Applied microbiology and biotechnology 20070601

Title: Rhythm of the beta-cell oscillator is not governed by a single regulator: multiple systems contribute to oscillatory behavior.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism 20070501

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Journal: International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology 20070501

Title: Transcriptional analysis of L-methionine catabolism in Brevibacterium linens ATCC9175.

Journal: Applied microbiology and biotechnology 20070401

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Journal: Cell 20070309

Title: Functional characterization of a methionine gamma-lyase in Arabidopsis and its implication in an alternative to the reverse trans-sulfuration pathway.

Journal: Plant & cell physiology 20070201

Title: The crystal structure of Escherichia coli TdcF, a member of the highly conserved YjgF/YER057c/UK114 family.

Journal: BMC structural biology 20070101

Title: [Overproduction of noncanonical amino acids by Escherichia coli cells].

Journal: Mikrobiologiia 20070101

Title: Crystal structures of Salmonella typhimurium biodegradative threonine deaminase and its complex with CMP provide structural insights into ligand-induced oligomerization and enzyme activation.

Journal: The Journal of biological chemistry 20061222

Title: A threonine synthase homolog from a mammalian genome.

Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications 20061201

Title: Silencing threonine deaminase and JAR4 in Nicotiana attenuata impairs jasmonic acid-isoleucine-mediated defenses against Manduca sexta.

Journal: The Plant cell 20061101

Title: Development of a convenient new synthetic route to [3]ferrocenophanones.

Journal: Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003) 20060414

Title: Hypobaric hypoxia affects endogenous levels of alpha-keto acids in murine heart ventricles.

Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications 20060414

Title: Somatostatin inhibits oxidative respiration in pancreatic beta-cells.

Journal: Endocrinology 20060301

Title: Crystallization and preliminary X-ray crystallographic analysis of biodegradative threonine deaminase (TdcB) from Salmonella typhimurium.

Journal: Acta crystallographica. Section F, Structural biology and crystallization communications 20060301

Title: Effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria containing ACC-deaminase on maize (Zea mays L.) growth under axenic conditions and on nodulation in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.).

Journal: Letters in applied microbiology 20060201

Title: Cystathionine gamma-lyase contributes to selenomethionine detoxification and cytosolic glutathione peroxidase biosynthesis in mouse liver.

Journal: Biological trace element research 20060201

Title: Purifications and characterizations of a ferredoxin and its related 2-oxoacid:ferredoxin oxidoreductase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon, Sulfolobus solfataricus P1.

Journal: Journal of biochemistry and molecular biology 20060131

Title: Novel ligands for the extracellular solute receptors of two bacterial TRAP transporters.

Journal: Microbiology (Reading, England) 20060101

Title: Eleven ancestral gene families lost in mammals and vertebrates while otherwise universally conserved in animals.

Journal: BMC evolutionary biology 20060101

Title: Methionine catabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Journal: FEMS yeast research 20060101

Title: Accelerating the reconstruction of genome-scale metabolic networks.

Journal: BMC bioinformatics 20060101

Title: Pyruvate protects glucose-deprived Müller cells from nitric oxide-induced oxidative stress by radical scavenging.

Journal: Glia 20051201

Title: Alterations in neutrophil (PMN) free intracellular alpha-keto acid profiles and immune functions induced by L-alanyl-L-glutamine, arginine or taurine.

Journal: Amino acids 20051101

Title: Biocatalytic approaches to hetero-Diels-Alder adducts of carbonyl compounds.

Journal: Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) 20051007

Title: Crystal structures of ADP and AMPPNP-bound propionate kinase (TdcD) from Salmonella typhimurium: comparison with members of acetate and sugar kinase/heat shock cognate 70/actin superfamily.

Journal: Journal of molecular biology 20050930

Title: Monitoring the acetohydroxy acid synthase reaction and related carboligations by circular dichroism spectroscopy.

Journal: Analytical biochemistry 20050701

Title: The glucose dependence of Akt-transformed cells can be reversed by pharmacologic activation of fatty acid beta-oxidation.

Journal: Oncogene 20050616

Title: Gene expression and characterization of two 2-oxoacid:ferredoxin oxidoreductases from Aeropyrum pernix K1.

Journal: FEBS letters 20050425

Title: Structure of ACC synthase inactivated by the mechanism-based inhibitor L-vinylglycine.

Journal: FEBS letters 20050425

Title: Crystal structure of the pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent serine dehydratase from human liver.

Journal: Protein science : a publication of the Protein Society 20050301

Title: Bombesin and nutrients independently and additively regulate hormone release from GIP/Ins cells.

Journal: American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism 20050101

Title: Bioinformatic mapping of AlkB homology domains in viruses.

Journal: BMC genomics 20050101

Title: Mice have a transcribed L-threonine aldolase/GLY1 gene, but the human GLY1 gene is a non-processed pseudogene.

Journal: BMC genomics 20050101

Title: The mitochondrial branched-chain aminotransferase (AtBCAT-1) is capable to initiate degradation of leucine, isoleucine and valine in almost all tissues in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Journal: Plant molecular biology 20050101

Title: Cloning, expression, purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of propionate kinase (TdcD) from Salmonella typhimurium.

Journal: Acta crystallographica. Section F, Structural biology and crystallization communications 20050101

Title: Propanol as an end product of threonine fermentation.

Journal: Archives of microbiology 20041201

Title: Expression and characterization of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase from the rhizobacterium Pseudomonas putida UW4: a key enzyme in bacterial plant growth promotion.

Journal: Biochimica et biophysica acta 20041201

Title: Structural analysis of Pseudomonas 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase complexes: insight into the mechanism of a unique pyridoxal-5'-phosphate dependent cyclopropane ring-opening reaction.

Journal: Biochemistry 20041026

Title: Overexpression of short heterodimer partner recovers impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion of pancreatic beta-cells overexpressing UCP2.

Journal: The Journal of endocrinology 20041001

Title: Transcarboxylase 5S structures: assembly and catalytic mechanism of a multienzyme complex subunit.

Journal: The EMBO journal 20040915

Title: Structural and enzymatic properties of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase homologue from Pyrococcus horikoshii.

Journal: Journal of molecular biology 20040820

Title: Role of a conserved arginine in the mechanism of acetohydroxyacid synthase: catalysis of condensation with a specific ketoacid substrate.

Journal: The Journal of biological chemistry 20040604

Title: Assay method for antitumor L-methionine gamma-lyase: comprehensive kinetic analysis of the complex reaction with L-methionine.

Journal: Analytical biochemistry 20040415

Title: 4-methylthio 2-oxobutanoate transaminase: a specific target for antiproliferative agents.

Journal: Bulletin du cancer 20040401

Title: Evaluation of the Escherichia coli threonine deaminase gene as a selectable marker for plant transformation.

Journal: Planta 20040301

Title: S-methylmethionine is both a substrate and an inactivator of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase.

Journal: Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 20040101

Title: Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry in the structural characterization of some diphenyllead(IV) thiosemicarbazonates.

Journal: Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM 20040101

Title: Effect of alpha-ketobutyrate on microvascular thickness in the diabetic rat kidney.

Journal: Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association 20031201

Title: Conversion of the aminocrotonate intermediate limits the rate of gamma-elimination reaction catalyzed by L-cystathionine gamma-lyase of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Journal: Journal of biochemistry 20031001

Title: Pyruvate inhibits zinc-mediated pancreatic islet cell death and diabetes.

Journal: Diabetologia 20030901

Title: Detection of carboxylic acids and inhibition of hippuric acid formation in rats treated with 3-butene-1,2-diol, a major metabolite of 1,3-butadiene.

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Title: The anabolic pyruvate oxidoreductase from Methanococcus maripaludis.

Journal: Archives of microbiology 20030601

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Title: Threonine metabolism in isolated rat hepatocytes.

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Title: Glutamate 47 in 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase is a major specificity determinant.

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Title: Optimized labeling of 13CHD2 methyl isotopomers in perdeuterated proteins: potential advantages for 13C relaxation studies of methyl dynamics of larger proteins.

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Title: Crystallization of the catalytic subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae acetohydroxyacid synthase.

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Title: 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase of Penicillium citrinum: primary structure and expression in Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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